Friday, November 30, 2007

Uruguay has played in the 1999 and 2003 Rugby World Cups. They have been playing international rugby since the late 1940s. Their jersey is blue and black and they are known as Los Teros. They are governed by the Unión de Rugby del Uruguay.

Uruguay national rugby union team History
Uruguay made their official international debut in 1948, in a game against Chile, which Uruguay lost 21 points to three. Following their respectable debut match, their next game would be in 1951, against the more experienced Argentina team. Shortly after they were to meet Chile again, who previously defeated them in their first match. Coming off the bad loss to Argentina, Uruguay were able to turn themselves around, defeating Chile, and following it up with a win over Brazil.
Uruguay next played against Chile, who defeated them, and again two years later. In 1958, they again met Argentina, which the Pumas won. Though Uruguay later that year defeated Peru. Uruguay started off the 1960s in good form, defeating Brazil in a close game. This was followed by two fixtures against Argentina.

1970s - 1980s
The 1990s started off with wins against of Chile, Brazil and Paraguay. This was followed by more wins over their traditional opponents, though Uruguay still lost to Argentina, they also played Canada in a competitive 28 to 9 loss in 1995. Uruguay played some of the bigger nations such as Argentina, Canada and the United States, although the Canada and U.S. games were a lot closer than some of their previous encounters. A huge success for them was qualifying for the 1999 Rugby World Cup in Wales. They won their pool fixture against Spain, Uruguay finished third in their pool.
Uruguay came within 10 points of Argentina in 2001, and also played nations such as Italy in the same year. Uruguay won most of their matches against their traditional Americas opponents in the early 2000s. Later in 2002, Uruguay defeated Canada, winning 25 to 23. They followed this up with a 10 to nine win over the United States. They again qualified for the World Cup. They won their pool fixture against Georgia 24 to 12.
Uruguay's qualification for the 2007 World Cup started in Americas Round 3a, where they were grouped with Argentina and Chile. After losing their first match 26 points to nil to Argentina, they defeated Chile 43 to 15 in Montevideo, which saw them enter Round 4, where they faced the USA. Uruguay lost on aggregate, and moved onto the repechage round as Americas 4. They played Portugal over two legs - losing the first in Lisbon and winning the second in Montevideo. Portugal qualified on aggregate points.


1987 - Did not enter.
1991 - Did not qualify.
1995 - Did not qualify.
1999 - Qualified, one win. Third in pool. (Out of 4)
2003 - Qualified, one win. Fourth in pool. (Out of 5)
2007 - Did not qualify. Current squad

Rugby union in Uruguay

Thursday, November 29, 2007

Tuolumne Meadows
Tuolumne Meadows is a gentle, dome-studded meadowy section of the Tuolumne River, in the eastern section of Yosemite National Park. Its approximate location is 37°52.5′N, 119°21′W. Its approximate elevation is 8619 feet (2627 m).
Tuolumne Meadows has a good view of the Cathedral Range (in the background of the image, looking south), Lembert Dome and Mount Dana (to the north). Camping is available at the Tuolumne Meadows campground (reservations recommended). Excellent hiking and rock climbing are accessible from Tuolumne Meadows, which tends to be less crowded than Yosemite Valley. The John Muir Trail and the Pacific Crest Trail run through Tuolumne Meadows. Downstream (flowing to the right (western) side of the image), the Tuolumne River cascades over Waterwheel Falls, near Glen Aulin, eventually pooling at Hetch Hetchy.
The mountains of the Sierra near the meadows have some permanent snowfields: in the summer they are mostly free of snow. The roads to the meadows are generally free of snow from June through October. Due to the extreme elevation, road access is closed through winter season in the Meadows.

Tuolumne Meadows Rock climbing
Coordinates: 37.875° N 119.35° W

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body
The British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body (BIIPB) (Irish: Comhlact Idir-Pharlaiminteach Na Bretaine agus Na hÉireann) was established in 1990 to bring together 25 members of the United Kingdom Parliament and 25 members of the Oireachtas (the Irish parliament) to develop understanding between elected representatives of the UK and Ireland .
Strand 3 of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement then established the British-Irish Council which involves the constituent countries of the UK in governmental level dialogue with the Irish government. Strand 3 stated that, as well as government links, "the elected institutions of the members will be encouraged to develop inter-parliamentary links, perhaps building on the British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body". The BIIPB now includes 5 representatives from the Scottish Parliament, 5 from the National Assembly for Wales, 5 from the Northern Ireland Assembly, 1 from the States of Jersey, 1 from the States of Guernsey and 1 from the High Court of Tynwald (Isle of Man).
The British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body holds two plenary sessions a year. Its four committees (dealing with Sovereign matters between the Irish and Westminster Parliaments, European Affairs, Economic Matters, Environment and Social Matters) meet several times a year. They produce reports which are submitted for comment to governments, and which are discussed in plenary. A Steering Committee organises the work of the plenary and deals with the Body's institutional matters.

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters. The membership consists of over 1400 peer-elected fellows, who are known as Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, denoted FRSE in official titles. It provides annual grants totalling over half a million pounds for research and entrepreneurship. The Society organises public lectures and promotes the sciences in schools throughout Scotland.
It covers a broader selection of fields than the affiliated Royal Society of London including literature and history.

Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, denoted by the use of the initialism FRSE in official titles, have included:

Alexander Aitken, New Zealand mathematician
Jack Allen, Canadian physicist who helped discover the superfluid phase of matter in 1937 using liquid helium, Professor of Physics at the University of St Andrews
Sir William Eric Kinloch Anderson, Provost of Eton College
John Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott, Scottish soldier and businessman
Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and Vice-chancellor of the University of St Andrews
Robert Bald, surveyor and mining engineer
Sir Derek Barton, chemist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry
Sir James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist who invented Propranolol, synthesised Cimetidine, and received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988
Robert Black, Queen's Counsel, Professor of Scots Law at the University of Edinburgh
Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970, father of the Green Revolution
Sarah Broadie, philosopher specialising in metaphysics and ethics, Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of St Andrews
John Campbell Brown, Astronomer Royal for Scotland, Regius Professor of Astronomy at the University of Glasgow
Sir Samuel Brown, engineer and suspension bridge pioneer
Sir Kenneth Calman, Scottish doctor, Chief Medical Officer for Scotland then England, Vice-chancellor of Durham University; Chancellor of Glasgow University
Roger Cowley, physicist, Professorof Experimental Philosophy at Oxford
Cyril Offord
Tom Devine
Kenneth Dover
Professor Sir David Edward
James Alfred Ewing, Scottish physicist and engineer, discoverer of hysteresis, Vice-chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
Ian Fells
John Fincham
James David Forbes
Alexander Gray, Scottish economist, translator and poet, Professor of Political Economy at the University of Aberdeen and the University of Edinburgh
William Michael Herbert Greaves
John Currie Gunn
James E. Talmage, Geologist, Chemist, prolific author (see Jesus the Christ (book)), President of the University of Utah, Apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Peter Higgs
Right Reverend Richard Holloway, writer, broadcaster, Bishop of Edinburgh in the Scottish Episcopal Church
James Hutton, regarded as the founder of modern geology
John Mackintosh Howie
John Jamieson
Fleeming Jenkin
Mstislav Keldysh
Cargill Gilston Knott
Brian Lang, Scottish anthropologist, Vice-chancellor of the University of St Andrews
Chris J. Leaver, Professor of Plant Sciences at the University of Oxford
Sir Neil MacCormick, Regius Professor of Public Law at the University of Edinburgh and Vice-president of the Scottish National Party
Neil Mackie, Scottish tenor, Head of Vocal Studies at the Royal College of Music
Aubrey Manning, English zoologist and broadcaster, Professor of Natural History at the University of Edinburgh
James Napier, Scottish writer
John Playfair, Scottish mathematician and physicist, Professor of Mathematics and the Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh
Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair
Juda Hirsch Quastel
John Randall, physicist
Muir Russell
Sir Walter Scott, romantic and historical novelist (Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and others)
Richard Sillitto
John Sinclair, writer
Adam Smith, classical economist; philosopher of the Scottish Enlightenment
Alexander McCall Smith, Rhodesia-born Scottish novelist (The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency, Portuguese Irregular Verbs, The Sunday Philosophy Club, 44 Scotland Street and others), Professor of Medical Law at the University of Edinburgh
Christopher Smout
Stewart Sutherland, Baron Sutherland of Houndwood, Scottish Academic who served as the Vice-Chancellor and Principle for the University of Edinburgh
Peter Guthrie Tait
George Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth, Labour Party minister and European Commissioner
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist and engineer
Ronald Pearson Tripp, paleontologist
Colin Vincent
Conrad Hal Waddington
James Watt, Scottish inventor and engineer whose improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the Industrial Revolution
John Wishart (statistician)
Charles W. J. Withers
Ronald Selby Wright, minister of the Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh
Crispin Wright
Hideki Yukawa, Japanese theoretical physicist who predicted the pion and K-capture, the first Japanese to win a Nobel Prize

Monday, November 26, 2007

Roone Arledge (July 8, 1931December 5, 2002) was an American sports broadcasting pioneer who was chairman of ABC News from 1977 until his death, and a key part of the company's rise to competition with the two other main broadcasting stations, NBC and CBS, in the '60s, '70s, and '80s.

Roone Arledge Roots
Scherick, had joined the fledgling ABC television network when he persuaded it to purchase Sports Programs, Inc. Scherick had formed this company after leaving CBS when the network would not make him the head of sports programming, choosing instead William C. McPhail, a former baseball public-relations agent. Before ABC Sports even became a formal division of the network, Scherick and ABC programming chief Tom Moore pulled off many programming deals involving the most popular American sporting events.
While Scherick wasn't interested in "For Men Only," he recognized the talent Arledge had. Arledge realized ABC was the organization he was looking to join. The lack of a formal organization would offer him the opportunity to claim real power when the network matured. So, he signed on with Scherick as an assistant producer.
Several months before ABC began broadcasting NCAA college football games, Arledge sent Scherick a remarkable memo, filled with youthful exuberance, and television production concepts which sports broadcasts have adhered to since. Previously, network sporting broadcasts had consisted of simple set-ups and focused on the game itself The genius of Arledge in this memo was not that he offered another way to broadcast the game to the sports fan. The genius was to recognize television had to take the sports fan to the game. In addition, Arledge was intelligent enough to realize that the broadcasts needed to attract, and hold the attention of women viewers. At age 29 on September 17, 1960 put his vision into reality with ABC's first NCAA college football broadcast from Birmingham, Alabama, between Alabama Crimson Tide and the Georgia Bulldogs won by Alabama, 21-6. Sports broadcasting has not been the same since.

Assistant Producer
Arledge had demolished the barrier between television cameras and subject material with his NCAA college football production values. However, Scherick wanted low-budget (as in inexpensive broadcasting rights) sports programming that could attract and retain an audience. He hit upon the idea of broadcasting track and field events sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Union. While Americans were not exactly fans of track and field events, Scherick figured Americans understood games.
So in January 1961, Scherick called Arledge into his office, and asked him to attend the annual AAU board of governors meeting. While he was shaking hands, Scherick said, if the mood seemed right, might he cut a deal to broadcast AAU events on ABC? It seemed a tall assignment, but as Scherick said years later, "Roone was a gentile and I was not." Arledge came back with a deal for ABC to broadcast all AAU events for $50,000 a year.
Next, Scherick and Arledge divided up their NCAA college football sponsor list. They then telephoned their sponsors and said in so many words, "Advertise on our new sports show coming up in April, or forget about buying commercials on NCAA college football this fall." The two persuaded enough sponsors to advertise, though it took them to the last day of a deadline imposed by ABC programming to do it.
Wide World of Sports suited Scherick's plans exactly. By exploiting the speed of jet transportation and flexibility of videotape, Scherick was able to undercut NBC and CBS's advantages in broadcasting live sporting events. In that era, with communications nowhere near as universal as they are today, ABC was able to safely record events on videotape for later broadcast without worrying about an audience finding out the results.
Arledge, his colleague Chuck Howard, and Jim McKay (who left CBS for this opportunity) made up the show on a week-by-week basis the first year it was broadcast. Arledge had a genius for the dramatic story line that unfolded in the course of a game or event. McKay's honest curiosity and reporter's bluntness gave the show an emotional appeal which attracted viewers who might not otherwise watch a sporting event.
But more importantly from Arledge's perspective, Wide World of Sports allowed him to demonstrate his ability as an administrator as well as producer. Arledge did not gain a formal title as president of ABC Sports until 1968, even though Scherick left his position to assume a position of vice president for programming at ABC in 1964.
Arledge personally produced all ten ABC Olympic broadcasts, created the primetime Monday Night Football and coined ABC's famous "Thrill of victory, agony of defeat" tagline — although ABC insiders of that era attribute the authorship to legendary sports broadcaster Jim McKay.

Flying high
In 1977, ABC made Arledge president of the then low-rated network news division, all while Arledge retained control of the Sports Division. ABC News had at the time been in the middle of blunders such as the disastrous pairing of Barbara Walters with Harry Reasoner at the desk of the network's evening news. The previous year, ABC had lured Walters away from NBC's Today Show for $1,000,000.
Previous to that time, the only news experience Arledge had was providing ABC's coverage of the tragedies during the '72 Olympics in Munich. Other than that, he had no other major experience in news.
Arledge's first major creation for ABC was 20/20, which premiered in June 1978. The first iteration of this program fared badly, and resulted in the firing of the original hosts, with Hugh Downs chosen as the new anchor for this show.
Shortly thereafter, Arledge reformatted the network's evening newscast with many of the splashy graphics he had developed at Wide World of Sports, and created World News Tonight. The show was unique not only because it was anchored by three newsmen, but because each of them were located in separate cities. The lead anchor was Frank Reynolds, who was based in Washington, with Max Robinson based out of Chicago, and Peter Jennings reporting from London. The program expanded to weekends in 1979. In 1983, Reynolds died of bone cancer, and Robinson departed the network, and ABC made Jennings the sole anchor of World News Tonight on September 5, 1983. Jennings anchored the broadcast until April 5, 2005, when he announced that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer, of which Jennings would succumb to on August 7, 2005.
In 1979, the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran was taken over by Iranian students, creating the Iranian Hostage Crisis. And on November 4, 1979, Frank Reynolds began anchoring a series of special reports entitled America Held Hostage. Several nights later, Ted Koppel, then the network's Diplomatic correspondent to the U.S. State Department, took over as anchor. The special reports led to the creation of Nightline, which premiered on March 24, 1980. Koppel anchored the broadcast with Chris Bury, and served as its managing editor. Koppel retained the position until when he retired in November 2005.
In 1981, Arledge brought David Brinkley to ABC from NBC, and created the Sunday-morning affairs program This Week for Brinkley. Brinkley would retire from the program in 1996. The program is currently anchored by George Stephanopoulos.
The last major news program created during Arledge's reign at ABC News was Primetime Live, in 1989. The program was originally anchored by Sam Donaldson and Diane Sawyer.
In 1986, Arledge stepped down as president of ABC Sports. That same year, ABC's World News Tonight began a ten-year domination of the network news ratings.
In 1998, Arledge retired from ABC News.

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy
Eudes I, surnamed Borel and called the Red, (105823 March 1103) was Duke of Burgundy between 1079 and 1103. Eudes was the second son of Henry of Burgundy and grandson of Robert I. He became the duke following the abdication of his older brother, Hugh I, who retired to become a Benedictine monk. Eudes married Sibylla of Burgundy (1065 - 1101), daughter of William I, Count of Burgundy.
An interesting incident is reported of this robber baron by an eyewitness, Eadmer, biographer of Anselm of Canterbury. While Saint Anselm was progressing through Eudes's territory on his way to Rome in 1097, the bandit, expecting great treasure in the archbishop's retinue, prepared to ambush and loot it. Coming upon the prelate's train, the duke asked for the archbishop, whom they had not found. Anselm promptly came forward and took the duke by surprise, saying "My lord duke, suffer me to embrace thee." The flabbergasted duke immediately allowed the bishop to embrace him and offered himself as Anselm's humble servant.
He was a participant in the ill-fated Crusade of 1101.

Saturday, November 24, 2007

Andy Goldsworthy (born July 26, 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist living in Scotland who produces site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. His art involves the use of natural and found objects to create both temporary and permanent sculptures which draw out the character of their environment.

The materials used in Goldsworthy's art often include brightly-coloured flowers, icicles, leaves, mud, pinecones, snow, stone, twigs, and thorns. He has been quoted as saying, "I think it's incredibly brave to be working flowers and leaves and petals. But I have to: I can't edit the materials I work with. My remit is to work with nature as a whole."

Andy Goldsworthy Artistic style

1979 – North West Arts Award
1980 – Yorkshire Arts Award
1981 – Northern Arts Award
1982 – Northern Arts Award
1986 – Northern Arts Bursary
1987 – Scottish Arts Council Award
1989 – Northern Electricity Arts Award Awards

(1985) Rain, Sun, Snow, Hail, Mist, Calm : Photoworks by Andy Goldsworthy. Leeds: Henry Moore Centre for the Study of Sculpture. ISBN 0-9019-8124-9. 
(1988) Parkland. [Yorkshire]: Yorkshire Sculpture Park. ISBN 1-8714-8000-0. 
(1989) Touching North. London: Fabian Carlsson. ISBN 0-9482-7406-9. 
(1989) Leaves. London: Common Ground. ISBN 1-8703-6407-4. 
(1990) Andy Goldsworthy. London: Viking. ISBN 0-6708-3213-8.  Republished as (1990) Andy Goldsworthy : A Collaboration with Nature. New York, N.Y.: H.N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3351-9. 
(1992) Ice and Snow Drawings : 1990–1992. Edinburgh: FruitMarket Gallery. ISBN 0-947912-06-1. 
Goldsworthy, Andy; Terry Friedman (1993). Hand to Earth : Andy Goldsworthy Sculpture, 1976–1990. New York, N.Y.: H.N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3420-5. 
(1994) Stone. London: Viking. ISBN 0-6708-5478-6. 
(1995) Black Stones, Red Pools : Dumfriesshire Winter 1994–5. London: Pro Arte Foundation in association with Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd. & Galerie Lelong, N.Y. ISBN 0-9525-4570-5. 
Goldsworthy, Andy; Steve Chettle; Paul Nesbitt & Andrew Humphries (1996). Sheepfolds. London: Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd. 
(1996) Wood. London: Viking. ISBN 0-6708-7137-0. 
Goldsworthy, Andy; David Craig (1999). Arch. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5000-1933-9. 
(2000) Time. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5005-1026-1. 
Goldsworthy, Andy; Jerry L. Thompson & Storm King Art Center (2000). Wall at Storm King. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5000-1991-6. 
(2001) Midsummer Snowballs. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5005-1065-2. 
(2002) Andy Goldsworthy : Refuges D'Art. Lyon; Digne, France: Editions Artha; Musée départemental de Digne. ISBN 2-8484-5001-0. 
(2004) Passage. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5005-1191-8. 
(2007) Enclosure. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-5000-9336-9.  Publications
(featuring the installation Storm King Wall)
Mountainville, Cornwall, New York, U.S.
(featuring the installation Stone Houses)
New York City, New York, U.S.
A national touring exhibition from the Haywood Gallery
National Mall, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Aspen, Colorado, U.S.
West Bretton, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, UK

Major exhibitions and installations
In 1982, Goldsworthy married Judith Gregson. They had four children and settled in the village of Penpont in the region of Dumfries and Galloway, Dumfriesshire, in southwest Scotland. He now lives there with his partner, Tina Fiske, an art historian whom he met when she came to work with him a few years after he separated from his wife.

Personal life

"I find some of my new works disturbing, just as I find nature as a whole disturbing. The landscape is often perceived as pastoral, pretty, beautiful – something to be enjoyed as a backdrop to your weekend before going back to the nitty-gritty of urban life. But anybody who works the land knows it's not like that. Nature can be harsh – difficult and brutal, as well as beautiful. You couldn't walk five minutes from here without coming across something that is dead or decaying." Quotations

Environmental art
Environmental sculpture
Land art
Rock balancing See also

Further reading

Beyst, Stefan (June 2002). Andy Goldsworthy : The Beauty of Creation. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
Moore, Robbie. Goldsworthy in Stone. Specifier Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-24. Books

Friday, November 23, 2007

WestBam, also known as Maximillian Lenz (born 4 March 1965 in Münster, Westphalia, Germany) is one of the most successful and popular rave techno DJs in Germany. His brother is Fabian Lenz, also known as DJ Dick.
The origin of his moniker is an homage to Afrika Bambaataa, thus "Westphalia Bambaataa". He started his career as a DJ in 1983 in his birthcity Münster. In 1984 he moved to Berlin where he released his first record called "17 - This Is Not a Boris Becker Song", which was coproduced by Klaus Jankuhn. He played at the first Love Parade rave party in 1989 in Ku'damm Berlin. Around that time, the DJ culture made a breakthrough in Germany. After several records he released his first album named The Cabinet. In 1991 he organised the first Mayday rave in Berlin. With over 5000 people, it was the biggest techno party in Germany at the time. Since then Mayday has been a linchpin in the German techno scene. Westbam is still an organiser of the party, and he is also a part of Members of Mayday, the producer of the Mayday-Anthems.
In 1993 he played a number of rave events in the UK including Obsession Passion at the Sanctuary in Milton Keynes.
In 1997 he released his first book, titled Mixes, Cuts & Scratches. It deals with the art, the work and the life of a DJ.
He is the founder of the record label Low Spirit. In 2005 he released a new album Do You Believe In the Westworld, with the first single being Bang The Loop.


The Cabinet (1989)
The Roof Is On Fire (1991)
A Practising Maniac At Work (1991)
BamBamBam (1994)
We´ll Never Stop Living This Way (1997)
Right On (2002)
Do You Believe In the Westworld (2005)

Thursday, November 22, 2007

Coca-Cola Amatil
Coca-Cola Amatil (ASX: CCL) is an Australian company that bottles Coca-Cola Company soft drinks in several countries. It is Australia's largest soft drink bottler.
As well as Coke and its various derivatives, the company produces a number of other soft drinks, including the Mount Franklin [1] brand of still mineral water which uses a unique structural contoured bottle designed in and especially for Australia, Deep Spring carbonated mineral waters,Grinders Coffee [2] which offers range of esspresso blends such as Crema, Brazil, Organic and also Decafe. Fruitopia juices, Fanta, Lift lemon drinks, Bonaqua bottled water, Powerade sports drink, Sprite lemonade, and the Kirks range of lower-cost soft drinks including Kirks 'Creaming Soda'[3].
The company is the bottler of Coca-Cola products in Australia, as well as New Zealand, Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and South Korea. CCA acquired the Northern Territory bottling license in 2004.
The Coca-Cola Company owns a minority interest in Coca-Cola Amatil, as it does with each of its primary bottlers in the Coca-Cola system, which it calls "anchor bottlers", around the world.

Wednesday, November 21, 2007

Ingrid Thulin (Swedish IPA: ['ɪŋ:rɪd tɵ'li:n]) (27 January 19267 January 2004) was a Swedish actress.
She was born as a fisherman's daughter in Sollefteå, Ångermanland in northern Sweden. She took ballet lessons as a girl and was accepted by the Stockholm Royal Dramatic Theatre's School in 1948. For years she worked with Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, where she developed her personal style, acting with neurotic intensity in Winter Light (1962), The Silence (1963) and Cries and Whispers (1972), making her the third actress of world fame coming from Sweden (after Greta Garbo and Ingrid Bergman).
She shared the best actress award at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival and received a Guldbagge Award as best actress in 1964, the first year the award was given out, for her performance in The Silence.
She was married to Harry Schein, the founder of the Swedish Film Institute, for more than 30 years until 1989, although they had lived separately for many years before the divorce.
In her later years she lived in Rome, Italy. She returned to Sweden for medical treatment and later died from cancer in Stockholm, Sweden, 20 days short of her 78th birthday.

Ingrid Thulin Selected filmography

Smultronstället / Wild Strawberries (1957) with Victor Sjöström Director: Ingmar Bergman
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962) with Glenn Ford Director: Vincente Minnelli
Nattvardsgästerna / Winter Light (1962) with Gunnar Björnstrand, Max von Sydow and Gunnel Lindblom
Tystnaden / The Silence (1963) with Gunnel Lindblom Director: Ingmar Bergman
La Guerre est finie / The War is Over (1966) with Yves Montand Director: Alain Resnais
Vargtimmen / Hour of the Wolf (1968) with Max von Sydow Director: Ingmar Bergman
The Damned (1969) with Helmut Berger Director: Luchino Visconti
Viskningar och Rop / Cries and Whispers (1972) with Liv Ullmann, Harriet Andersson Director: Ingmar Bergman
La Cage (1975) with Lino Ventura Director: Pierre Granier-Deferre
Salon Kitty (1975) with Helmut Berger Director: Tinto Brass
Efter repetitionen / After the Rehearsal (1984) with Erland Josephson Director: Ingmar Bergman
Il Giorno Prima / Contrôle (1987)Ingrid Thulin with Ben Gazzara, Mike Zella, Kate Nelligan, Sarah Howell, Kate Reid, Camille Dupont, Burt Lancaster Director: Giuliano Montaldo

Tuesday, November 20, 2007

Bowling crease
The odd name of the popping crease refers to the early history of the game of cricket, in that batsmen used to have to 'pop' their bats into a small hole that was located in the middle of the crease for a run to count. For a player to run a batsman out he had to pop the ball into the hole before the bat was grounded in it.
One popping crease is drawn at each end of the pitch in front of each of the two sets of stumps. The popping crease must be 4 feet (1.22 m) in front of and parallel to the bowling crease. Although it is considered to have unlimited length, the popping crease must be marked to at least 6 feet (1.83 metres) on either side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the middle stumps.
The popping crease is used in one test of whether the bowler has bowled a no ball. To avoid a no ball, some part of the bowler's front foot in the delivery stride (that is, the stride when he releases the ball) must be behind the popping crease (although the bowler's front foot does not have to be grounded).

Crease (cricket) Popping crease
In addition, the popping crease determines whether a batsman has been stumped or run out. This is described in Laws 29, 38, and 39 of the Laws of cricket.

If the batsman facing the bowler (the striker) steps in front of the popping crease to play the ball, leaving no part of his anatomy or the bat on the ground behind the crease, and the wicket-keeper (in possession of the ball) is able to remove the bails from the wicket, then the striker is out stumped.
If a fielder uses the ball to remove the bails from either set of stumps whilst the batsmen are running between the wickets (or otherwise forward of the popping crease during the course of play), then the batsman (striker or non-striker) is out run out. Return crease
The batting crease is nothing but the popping crease on the other side of the pitch with respect to the bowler. It is the crease where the batsman stands while batting.

Monday, November 19, 2007

Hoover Free Flights Promotion

In 1992 Jack started legal action against Hoover. Jack v. Hoover set a precedent at Sheriff Court in Kirkcaldy, Fife. Jack was the first person in the United Kingdom to take Hoover to court over Hoover free flights promotion.
In 1993 Jack and Harry Cichy formed the Hoover Holiday Pressure Group. Group shown and recommended by the BBC Watchdog program.
In 1994 Jack, Cichy, and Lee Robertson meet with James Powell, Maytag head of communications, at Maytag HQ in Newton, Iowa. ABC TV have the three British citizens leaving Maytag HQ.
Jack and Cichy enlist the help of Ralph Nader in the Hoover debacle. Len Hadley Maytag CEO refuses to talk to Nader over Hoover flight fiasco.
In 1994, Jack received a standing ovation from Maytag shareholders when speaking on the Hoover flight promotion at the Maytag Corporation Annual General Meeting chaired by Len Hadley. Sandy Jack Photos

The Hoover Company
Len Hadley
Maytag Corporation
Hoover free flights promotion

Sunday, November 18, 2007

Jimmy Hoffa
James Riddle "Jimmy" Hoffa (February 14, 1913, disappeared July 30, 1975, date of death unknown) was an American labor leader. As the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, Hoffa wielded considerable influence. After he was convicted of attempted bribery of a grand juror, he served nearly a decade in prison. He is also well-known in popular culture for the mysterious circumstances surrounding his unexplained disappearance and presumed death. His son James P. Hoffa is the current president of the Teamsters.

Early life
The Teamsters union organized truckers & firefighters, first throughout the Midwest and then nationwide. It skillfully used quickie strikes, secondary boycotts and other means of leveraging union strength at one company to organize workers and win contract demands at others. The union also used less lawful means to bring some employers into line.
Hoffa's son, James P. Hoffa, is the Teamsters' current leader; his daughter, Barbara Ann Crancer, currently serves as an associate circuit court judge in St. Louis, Missouri.

Union activities
In 1964, Hoffa was convicted of attempted bribery of a grand juror and jailed for 15 years. On December 23, 1971,[1], however, he was released when Republican President Richard Nixon commuted his sentence to time served on the condition he not participate in union activities for 10 years. Hoffa was planning to sue to invalidate that restriction in order to reassert his power over the Teamsters when he disappeared at 2:30 pm on July 30, 1975, from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. He had been due to meet two Mafia leaders, Anthony "Tony Jack" Giacalone from Detroit and Anthony "Tony Pro" Provenzano from Union City, New Jersey and New York City.
His fate is a mystery that continues to this day. Among the theories are:
None of these theories have been proven and his body has never been found. Hoffa was declared legally dead and a death certificate issued on 30 July, 1982, seven years after his disappearance. Rumors of sightings have persisted for years. His disappearance has since entered the public lexicon, where people would often state someone would "sooner find Jimmy Hoffa" than something else that was difficult to locate.
According to recent publications and expert testimony (Charles Brandt), it is believed that Jimmy Hoffa's body was cremated with the assistance of a Mafia-owned funeral home at a cemetery located near the Detroit home in which Hoffa was killed. See KLAS-TV interview for citation purposes.
Some respected theorists believe Hoffa referred to the heir to the Olsen fortune, Patrick Shaw, as a "public" (derrogatory adjective slang for public school attendee) and was therefore "offed" by Mr. Shaw himself.

Hoffa's assassination was allegedly ordered at Brutico's, an Italian restaurant in Old Forge, PA.
Former Mafioso Bill Bonanno claimed in his book, Bound by Honor, that Hoffa was shot and put in the trunk of a car that was then run through a car compactor.
Convicted mob hitman Donald Frankos, alias "Tony the Greek," has claimed that, while on furlough from prison (where he was incarcerated for a previous murder), he committed numerous hits, including that of Hoffa. Frankos claims that Hoffa was murdered in a house belonging to Detroit mobster Anthony Giacalone by a team consisting of Frankos and Westies gangster Jimmy Coonan, and that the body was subsequently buried in the foundations of Giants Stadium by another hitman, Joe "Mad Dog" Sullivan. Later proven by MythBusters that his body is not anywhere in the stadium that has been claimed by superstition. To paraphrase Adam Savage, they would have had to dig up the entire stadium to prove Hoffa was not there, and that would have been time consuming and expensive, so they only checked in places where he is commonly believed to have been buried.
Hoffa's body was buried in concrete in or near the Straits of Mackinac bridge.
Hoffa's body was buried in a residential area in Hamilton, New Jersey.
Hoffa's body was buried under the Castleton General Store in Castleton, Ontario by Bruce Lee.
Hoffa's body was shipped across the border and resides at the Mondo Condo in Toronto, Canada.
Hoffa's body was buried in the concrete foundation of the Renaissance Center in Detroit.
Hoffa's body was cremated in the animal crematory at the Wayne State University Medical School in Detroit. Conviction and disappearance
DNA evidence examined in 2001 placed Hoffa in the car of longtime Teamster associate Charles O'Brien, despite O'Brien's claims Hoffa had never been in his car. Police interviews later that year failed to produce any indictments.
In July 2003, after the convicted killer Richard Powell told authorities that a briefcase containing a syringe used to subdue Hoffa was buried at a house in Hampton Township, Michigan, another backyard was examined and excavated. Again, nothing was found [2] [3].

In 2003, the FBI searched the backyard of a home in Hampton Township, Michigan formerly frequented by Frank Sheeran, Second World War veteran, Mafia hitman, truck driver, Teamsters official and close friend of Hoffa. Nothing significant was found.
In 2004, Charles Brandt, a former prosecutor and Chief Deputy Attorney General of Delaware, published the book I Heard You Paint Houses. The title is based on a euphemistic exchange apparently used by hitmen and their would-be employers. "I heard you paint houses." "Yes, and I do my own carpentry, too." House painting alludes to the splatter of blood on walls, and "doing my own carpentry" to the task of disposing of the body. Brandt recounted a series of confessions by Sheeran regarding Hoffa's murder, and claimed that Sheeran had begun contacting him because he wished to assuage feelings of guilt. Over the course of several years, he spoke many times by phone to Brandt (which Brandt recorded) during which he acknowledged his role as Hoffa's killer, acting on orders from the Mafia. He claimed to have used his friendship with Hoffa to lure him to a bogus meeting in Bloomfield Hills and drive him to a house in northwestern Detroit, where he shot him twice before fleeing and leaving Hoffa's body behind. An updated version of Brandt's book claims that Hoffa's body was cremated within an hour of Sheeran's departure.

Frank Sheeran
On February 14, 2006, Lynda Milito, wife of Gambino crime family member Louie Milito, claimed that her husband had told her during an argument in 1988 that he had killed Hoffa and dumped his body near Staten Island's Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in New York City.
In April 2006, news reports surfaced that hitman Richard "The Iceman" Kuklinski had confessed to author Philip Carlo that he was part of a group of five men who had kidnapped and murdered Hoffa. The claim's credibility is questionable, as Kuklinski has become somewhat notorious for repeatedly claiming to have killed people — including Roy DeMeo — that concrete evidence has proved he could not have killed. The story forms part of the book The Ice Man: Confessions of a Mafia Contract Killer, which was released on July 1, 2006.
On May 17, 2006, acting on a tip, the FBI began digging for Hoffa's remains outside of a barn on what is now the Hidden Dreams Farm (satellite photo) in Milford Township, Michigan where they surveyed the land and began to dig up parts of the 85-acre parcel, according to federal officials. More than 40 agents sectioned off a piece of the property where they believed Hoffa's bones might be. Federal agents would not say who tipped them off, but said they received information on a group of people who had met on the land 30 years before. The FBI has made contact with Hoffa's daughter, but no other information has been released. [4] It is not known if the FBI has found anything, although images taken from a helicopter appeared to show agents digging something out of the ground. The investigation team included forensic experts from the bureau's Washington laboratory and anthropologists, archaeologists, engineers and architects.
On May 18, 2006, the Detroit Free Press reported that the Hoffa search was prompted by information supplied by Donovan Wells, 75, a prisoner at the Federal Medical Center in Lexington, KY. The newspaper said Wells, who was jailed for 10 years in January 2004 for using his Detroit-area trucking company and drivers to ship large quantities of marijuana from Texas to Detroit from 1998-2001, was trying to parlay his knowledge about Hoffa's disappearance to get out of prison early. On May 20, 2006, the Free Press, quoting anonymous sources, said one of Wells's lawyers had threatened to go to the media during the previous year unless the US Attorney's Office acted on Wells's information and followed through on a pledge to seek his release from prison. The next day, the newspaper quoted Wells's lawyer from a 1976 criminal case, James Elsman of Birmingham, who said the FBI in 1976 had ignored Wells's offer to tell them where Hoffa was buried. The lawyer said the FBI ignored him again on May 18, after he learned that the FBI was digging in Milford Township and called the bureau to offer the information. Outraged, Elsman said he then offered the information to the Bloomfield Township Police Department. On May 22, an FBI agent and township police detective visited Elsman's office, but Elsman declined to offer much information, saying he first wanted them to provide him with a signed release from Wells. Elsman also offered to visit the horse farm to help agents pinpoint where to dig. The FBI didn't take him up on his offer.
On May 24, 2006, the FBI removed a large barn on the farm to look under it for Hoffa.
On May 30, 2006 the FBI ended the search for Hoffa's body without any remains found at the Hidden Dreams Farm.
On June 16, 2006, the Detroit Free Press published in its entirety the so-called Hoffex Memo, a 56-page report the FBI prepared for a January 1976 briefing on the case at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. The report, which the FBI has called the definitive account of what agents believe happened to Hoffa, can be found online.
In November of 2006 KLAS-TV Channel 8 Las Vegas interviewed author Charles Brandt about the latest news regarding Hoffa's murder and disappearance. Brandt claims that Hoffa's body was taken from the murder scene and possibly driven two minutes away to the Grand Lawn Cemetery where he was cremated.
On July 1st 2007 Detroit Free Press staff writer Joel Thurtell wrote an article that gives the latest information on the Hoffa case. It can be found Here

Events since February 14, 2006

Hoffa in popular culture

The 1978 movie F.I.S.T., starring Sylvester Stallone as warehouse worker Johnny Kovak rising through the ranks of the fictional Teamster-like "Federation of Interstate Truckers", is loosely based on Hoffa's life.
In 1992, the semi-factual motion picture Hoffa was released, starring Jack Nicholson in the title role and Danny DeVito (also the film's director) as Hoffa's fictional right-hand man.
Many films have included sarcastic lines or jokes about the location of Hoffa's body.
In the 2003 Jim Carrey comedy Bruce Almighty, Hoffa's body is found by a police dog in a local park. Films

The 1983 TV mini-series Blood Feud dramatized the conflict between Hoffa (portrayed by Robert Blake) and Robert F. Kennedy (portrayed by Cotter Smith). (This conflict in real life reached levels of almost childish absurdity. Hoffa and Kennedy once ran into one another at a function both were attending, whereupon they engaged in an arm-wrestling contest. Hoffa claimed to have won.)
In a special about Robert F. Kennedy on the Discovery Channel, a reporter claims he interviewed a mobster who claimed Hoffa's body was crushed, and then put into a smelter.
In the April 27th episode of MythBusters, "Buried in Concrete", Adam and Jamie search the concrete under Giants Stadium, in the stands, and on the 10 yard line "bump." They find no disturbances that might be a body.
In the Season 4 episode 6 of The 4400, "The Marked", a 4400 makes a low budget movie about the disappearance of Hoffa.
In Season 6 part 1 of HBO's The Sopranos, while a team of doctors are operating on Mobster Tony Soprano, a doctor says "Oh my God!" another says "What is it?" and the doctor claims jokingly "I found Jimmy Hoffa!" Television

Aimee Mann has a song entitled Jimmy Hoffa Jokes
A capella duo Paul and Storm wrote a song entitled Other places Jimmy Hoffa isn't
New Zealand Post-Rock band Jakob has a song entitled Jimmy Hoffa on their album Cale:Drew
Former Roc-A-Fella CEO Kareem "Biggs" Burke is often reffered to as 'Hoffa' by close peers and other people in the industry, but there is no direct link what so ever Music

Walter Sheridan's book The Fall and Rise of Jimmy Hoffa is noted as an account of Hoffa's trials in Tennessee. It is usually considered to be biased, however, as Sheridan was a lawyer working for Robert Kennedy.
Two other books are The Hoffa Wars by investigative reporter Dan Moldea, which details Hoffa's rise to power (see below); and Contract Killer by William Hoffman and Lake Headley, which attempts to examine Hoffa's murder in great detail.
Jimmy Hoffa is also a supporting character in the James Ellroy novel American Tabloid, where it is suggested that Jimmy enjoyed boating trips wherein he and friends would chum the waters, shoot sharks with Thompson submachine guns and/or beat sharks to death with nail studded baseball bats. He also appears as a character in Ellroy's follow-up novel The Cold Six Thousand. Books

Hoffa is something of a recurring gag in the comic strip Piranha Club by Bud Grace. In one storyline, the lead character, Ernie, finds the frozen corpse of Jimmy Hoffa when he is stranded in Tibet. In another, an Amazon tribe kidnaps Sid's pet piranha, and replaces him with Jimmy Hoffa's shrunken head. Ernie and Arnold also finds Jimmy Hoffa frozen inside a glacier while scaling Mount Bayonne.
In 2006, low-cost airline Spirit Airlines released a "Hunt for Hoffa" advertising campaign with the tagline "Help us find Hoffa with our Hunt for Hoffa game and enjoy fares from just $39 each way." The point of the game was to dig for Hoffa's body by clicking grids on the airline's website, and "winners" were taken to another webpage, saying "You found Hoffa!," thanking them for assisting the National Spirit Sale Center find the politician's body.