Saturday, September 1, 2007

The North Carolina Provincial Congresses were extra-legal unicameral legislative bodies formed in 1774 through 1776 by the people of the Province of North Carolina, independent of the British colonial government.

First Provincial Congress
The second congress also met at New Bern from April 3-7, 1775. John Harvey once again served as moderator. The congress met at the same place and almost the same time as the colonial assembly, and had almost the exact same membership. This infuriated royal governor Josiah Martin, who dissolved the assembly on April 8 and never called another.

Second Provincial Congress
The third congress met in Hillsborough, North Carolina from Aug. 20-Sept. 10, 1775. Its president was Samuel Johnston (Harvey had recently died). This congress, which included representatives of every county and town, officially established itself as the highest governmental body in the new state (British Governor Martin had fled the state, ending royal government). To govern North Carolina when the congress was not in session, a 13-member Provincial Council, or Council of Safety, was elected, constituting the state's first executive body. Cornelius Harnett was elected as the first president of the council. The congress divided the state into 6 military districts for purposes of organizing militia and for determining representation on the Council.

North Carolina Provincial Congress Fifth Provincial Congress

North Carolina General Assembly
Provincial Congress (of Massachusetts)
Virginia Conventions (similar bodies in the state of Virginia)
American Revolution

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